eastern panhandle native plant society

Eastern Panhandle Native Plant Society

A chapter of the West Virginia Native Plant Society
Dedicated to the appreciation and conservation of West Virginia’s natural and botanical heritage.

Join us for field trips, educational sessions, and participation in community projects!

Join us for field trips, educational sessions, and participation in community projects!

Next Event: EPNPS is not currently active.
Try Potomac Valley Audubon Society for some local fieldtrips.
Also see the Maryland Native Plant Society , as well as the Virginia Native Plant Society.

Next Event: Saturday, January 24 1 pm at Yankauer to look at woody plants.

Latest EPNPS Bulletin – December 10

Save Our Natives From Invasive Plants (SNIP)
Click here for information about protecting native habitats from invasive species.
Membership Field Trips & Events News Bulletins
Field Notes Local Flora Photos 6/12
Buying & Gardening With Natives Native Plant Links Resources

For more information about West Virginia native plants and related activities go to www.wvnps.org

Illustration by Virginia Provenzano

Category : epnps

Save Our Natives From Invasive Plants

SNIP (Save Our Natives From Invasive Plants) is an educational and community outreach initiative of the Eastern Panhandle Native Plant Society. The objective is to provide education about invasive species, and the threat they pose to native plants and habitats. SNIP will also host invasive removal days, to help manage the encroachment of invasive species in natural areas.

For more information about becoming involved in SNIP, contact us at info [at] epnps.org

For information on upcoming SNIP activities, please return to the main page and refer to the Latest EPNPS Bulletin.

* Invasive Species Links

* St. Louis Declaration
This document proposes voluntary standards for invasive species management.

Category : invasives

Invasive Species Links

Controlling Exotic Plants In Your Forest

Bugwood Network, The University of Georgia

EPA & National Invasive Species Council site. Includes info on pollinators,birds, other wildlife

USDA’s Federal Noxious Weed List

The Nature Conservancy–Weed alerts, handbook, management info

Invasive lists and other info from PCA’s Alien Plant Work Group

What the National Park Service is Doing About Invasives

Federal Interagency Committee For Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds

VA List of Invasive Species

A Tenn. Manual On Control For Select Invasive Species

Category : invasives

EPNPS Field Notes
These are links to plant lists and notes from EPNPS and WVNPS field trips.

# Cranberry Glades (a WVNPS field trip)
# Ice Mountain
# Shepherd College
# Kanawha State Forest (a WVNPS field trip)

Main Page

Category : field notes

Cranberry Glades, June 30, 2001
Notes from Sally Anderson

West of Cranberry Glades along Route 39/55, in wet ditches – large purple
fringed orchid Habenaria fimbriata.

In woods beside the parking area at the Cranberry Glades Nature Center
-round leaved orchid Habenaria orbiculata in bloom, and ragged fringed
orchid H. lacera in bud.

Across 39/55 from the entrance to Cranberry Glades Botanical Area –
Violet wood sorrel Oxalis violacea in bloom
Partridge berry Mitchella repens in bloom
Ferns, Intermediate shield fern Dryopteris intermedia and probably an
White monkshood Aconitum reclinatum in bloom
Plantain leaved sedge Carex plantaginea
Indian cucumber root Medeola virginiana
Rattlesnake plantain Goodyeara pubescens

On the Cranberry Glades Boardwalk –
Open bogs:
Snakemouth, beard-flower or rose pogonia Pogonia ophioglossoides in bloom
Grass pink Calopogon pulchellus in bloom
Pitcher plant Sarracenia purpurea in bloom
Small cranberry Vaccinium oxycoccos in bloom
Purple chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa
Bog rosemary Andromeda glaucophylla
Carex rostrata in bloom
Carex incomperta in bloom
Cotton grass Eriophorum virginicum
Swamp candle Lysimachia terrestris in bloom
Sundew Drosera rotundifolia
Wooded areas:
Speckled alder Alnus rugosa
Elderberry Sambucus sp.
Yellow birch Betula lutea
Hemlock Tsuga canadensis
Maple Acer sp.
Mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia in bloom
Allegheny menziesia Menziesia pilosa
Long stalked holly Ilex collina
Bartram’s serviceberry Amelanchier bartraminia
Wild raisin Viburnum cassinoides
Meehania Meehania cordata in bloom
Carex scabrata in bloom
Carex crinita (or C. histricina) in bloom
Mannagrass Glyceria melicaria
Fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata
Marsh marigold Caltha palustris
Tall meadow rue Thalictrum polygamun in bloom
Yellow clintonia Clintonia borealis
Cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea
Sensitive fern Onoclea sensibilis
Skunk cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus
Jewelweed or Touch-me-not Impatiens sp.
False hellebore Veratrum viride
Cowbane Oxypolis rigidor
Painted trillium Trillium undulatum
Blue monkshood Aconitum ucinatum
Jacob’s ladder Polemonium van-bruntiae in bloom

Water, water everywhere..Plants in the open glades have some things in
common with plants of dry areas, such as small, thick or slightly curled
leaves and much of the bog does not support larger shrubs or trees.
Although the ground is very wet, the high acidity of the water makes it
difficult for plants to use, so for many species it is as if there was
little water.

Most of the skunk cabbage plants we saw had damaged by black bears, who eat
the heart of the plant when they come out of hibernation in the spring. It
has been hypothesized that the plant acts as a purgative and after all that
time, maybe they need it.

Along the Scenic Highway, Route 150 –
A stop at Mile Post 8
Canada lily Lilium canadense
Rattlesnake fern Botytrichum virginianum
Avens Geum sp.
Carrion flower Smilax herbacea
Wild yam Dioscorea villosa
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis
At Cranberry Glades Overlook (a good overview of the bog from a high point):
Millet grass Milium effusum
5-leaved jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum
Mountain wood fern (found above 3500′ elevation) Dryopteris campyloptera
Rosy twisted stalk Streptopus roseum
Hobble bush Viburnum alnifolium
Southern mountain cranberry (found under spruces) Vaccinium erythrocarpa in
Common polypody fern Polypodium virginianum
At Big Spruce Overlook:
This area was severely burned in the 1940s, and Frazier fir Abies fraseri, a
southern species, was brought in as part of the reforestation, as was some
of the soil used to plant the trees.
Red spruce Picea rubens
Mountain ash Sorbus americana
Great laurel Rhododendron maximum
Mountain holly Ilex montana
Ground pine Lycopodium spp.
Hay scented fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula
At a pullout at the North-South Trail (a somewhat dry and sunny roadside
area, and a spruce woods):
White bedstraw Galium mollugo, an alien that is becoming a problem
Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta
Wild strawberry Fragraria virginiana
King devil hawkweed Hieracium pratense (non-native)
Mouse eared hawkweed Hieracium pilosella (non-native)
Red spruce Picea rubens A circa 80 year old grove of not real big trees –
many of the small ones are already old, but they are just staying put and
waiting for their chance at the light. Underneath were large patches of
yellow clintonia Clintonia borealis and violet wood sorrel Oxalis violacea.
About 1.5 miles past Williams River crossing (a wide, sunny road cut kept
very moist by seeps from the rock cliffs created by the highway
A large area of Scouring rush Equisetum hyemale
Loesell’s twayblade Liparis loeselii
Blue eyed grass Sysrinchium angustifolium
Wild parsnip Pastinaca sativa (non-native)
Selfheal Prunella vulgaris (non-native)
Tall buttercup Ranunculus acris
Upright cinquefoil Potentilla recta (non-native)
Purple stemmed aster Aster punicus
Crown vetch Coronilla varia (thank you highway department!)
One last overlook (I forgot the name, so lets just call it the Cow Parsnip
Cow parsnip Heracleum maximum
Canada thistle Circium arvense (from Europe despite its name)
Hawthorn Cretagus sp.
Long leaved stitchwort? Stellaria longifolia?
Hairy wood mint Blephilla hirsuta
Smooth brome Bromus inermis
Oat grass Arrhenatherum elatius?
At a turnoff on Williams River Road (the one closer to the Nature Center):
Our youngest participant caught a polyphemus moth
White monkshood Aconitum reclinatum in bloom
Pipevine Aristolochia macrophylla in bloom and with caterpillars of the
Pipevine Swallowtail
Wild hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens

Falls of Hills Creek, July 1, 2001
Red maple Acer rubrum
Striped maple Acer pensylvanicum
Pin or fire cherry Prunus pensylvanica
Birch Betula sp.
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis
Hay scented fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Intermediate wood fern Dryopteris intermedia
Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides
Plantain leaved sedge Carex plantaginea
Violet wood sorrel Oxalis violacea in bloom
Hobble bush Viburnum alnifolium
5-leaved jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum
Red elderberry Sambucus pubens in fruit
Great laurel Rhododendron maximum with a round, white fungus on some leaves,
in bloom
Hemlock Tsuga canadensis
Waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense in bloom, also possibly H. macrophyllum
Virginia waterleaf H. virginianum
Lettuce leaf saxifrage Saxifraga micranthidifolia
Pipevine Aristolochia macrophylla
Bugbane Cimicifuga racemosa
Nettle–Wood nettle? Laportea candensis?
Witch hazel Hammamelis virginiana
Flowering raspberry Rubus ordoratus
Wild ginger Asarum canadense
Sweet cicely Osmorhiza sp.
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum
Trillium sp.
Canada violet Viola canadensis
Miterwort Mitella diphylla
Solomon’s seal Polygonatum biflorum
Wild lily of the valley Maianthemum canadense
Tall meadow rue Thalictrum polygamun in bloom
Frazier magnolia Magnolia fraseri
Large purple fringed orchid Habenaria fimbriata having an extended visit by
a swallowtail
Mustard, small white flowered with 1-1.5 cm siliques on rocks along stream
Lily family plants, either Streptopus or Diosporum
Foamflower? Tiarella cordifolia?

Category : field notes

Notes from Sally Anderson

Between Bailes house and trail to Ravens Rocks:
Houstonia caerula, Bluets, Rubiaceae or Madder family, in bloom
Lechea rasemulosa, Illinois pinweed, Cistaceae or Frostweed family, dry stalk
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium, Narrow leaved mountain mint, Lamiaceae or Mint family
Botrychium dissectum, Grape fern,
Linum sp., Flax, Linaceae or Flax family, dry stalk

Path to North River:
Thalictrum thalictroides, Rue anemone, Ranunculaceae or Crowfoot family, in bloom
Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas fern
Poa cuspidata, Short-leaved bluegrass, Poaceae or Grass family, in bloom
Claytonia virginiana, Spring beauty, Portulacaceae or Purslane family, in bloom
Carex spp., sedges, Cyperaceae or Sedge family
Hepatica americana, Roundlobe hepatica, Ranunculaceae or Crowfoot family
Dentaria lacinata, Cutleaf toothwort, Brassicaceae or Mustard Family, in bloom
Caulophyllum thalictroides, Blue cohosh, Berberidaceae or Barberry family, emerging growth
Betula lenta, Cherry birch, Corylaceae or Hazel family
Liriodendron tulipifera, Tulip poplar, Magnoliaceae or Magnolia family
Magnolia acuminata, Cucumber tree, Magnoliaceae or Magnolia family
Lindera benzoin, Spicebush, Lauraceae or Laurel family, in bloom
Chimaphila maculata, Spotted wintergreen, Pyrolaceae or Shinleaf family
Mitchella repens, Partridgeberry, Rubiaceae or Madder family
Rhododendron maximum, Great Laurel, Ericaceae or Heath family
Hamamelis virginiana, Witch hazel, Hamamelidaceae or Witch-hazel family

Along river:
Mosses and lichens
Dryopteris marginata, Marginal shield fern
Polypodium virginianum, Common polypody
Pinus strobus, White pine, Pinaceae or Pine family
Tsuga canadensis, Eastern hemlock, Pinaceae or Pine family
Rosa acicularis, Prickley rose, Rosaceae or Rose family
Cornus candensis, Bunchberry, Cornaceae or Dogwood family, last year?¢‚Ǩ‚Ñ¢s leaves
Ribes cynosbati, Prickly gooseberry, Rosaceae or Rose family
Deschampsia flexuosa, Hairgrass, (or else Danthonia sp.), Poaceae or Grass family
Potentilla sp., Cinquefoil, Rosaceae or Rose family
Erythronium americanum, Trout lily, Liliaceae or Lily family
heart shaped Aster leaves
Linnaea borealis, Twinflower, Caprifoliaceae or Honeysuckle family
Mitchella repens, Partridgeberry, Rubiaceae or Madder family
Smilax rotundifolia, Common greenbrier, Liliaceae or Lily family
Vaccinium sp., Low blueberry, Ericaceae or Heath family
Fragraria sp., Strawberry, Rosaceae or Rose family, new leaves
Ranunculus sp., Buttercup, Ranunculaceae or Crowfoot family
Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer tongue grass, Poaceae or Grass fam, blisters on sheath
Evergreen rosette of a smaller panic grass
Allium vineale, Wild garlic, Liliaceae or Lily family
Senecio (Packera) obovata, Golden ragwort, Asteraceae or Composite family
Sedum ternatum, Wild stonecrop, Crassulaceae or Orpine family
Viola sp., violets, Violaceae
Prunella sp., Heal all, Lamiaceae or Mint family
Elymus sp., Wild rye, Poaceae or Grass family
Gallium spp., Bedstraws, Rubiaceae or Madder family
Carpinus americana, American hornbeam or Musclewood, Corylaceae or Hazel family
Dryopteris spinulosa, Spinulose wood fern

Trail to Ravens Rocks:
Ostrya virginica, Hop hornbeam, Corylaceae or Hazel family
Quercus prinus, Chestnut oak, and other oaks, Fagaceae or Beech family
Carya ovata, Shagbark hickory, Juglandaceae or Walnut family
Pinus virginiana, Scrub pine, Pinaceae or Pine family
Pinus rigida, Pitch pine, Pinaceae or Pine family
Pinus strobus, White pine, Pinaceae or Pine family
and maybe Pinus echinata, Shortleaf pine, Pinaceae or Pine family
Carex albicans, Whitetinge Sedge, Cyperaceae or Sedge family, in bloom
Carex umbellata, Parasol Sedge, Cyperaceae or Sedge family, in bloom
Carex nigromarginata, Black Edged Sedge, Cyperaceae or Sedge fam, bloom, poss watchlist
Cunila origanoides, Dittany, Lamiaceae or Mint family, dry stalk, orange oil glands on calyx
Cornus floridus, Dogwood, Cornaceae or Dogwood family
Vaccinium sp., Blueberry, Ericaceae or Heath family, different species than one by river
Smilax glauca, Saw brier, Liliaceae or Lily family
Amelanchier sp., Serviceberry, Rosaceae or Rose family
Juniperus virginiana, Eastern red cedar, Cupressaceae or Cypress family
Silene sp., a pink with linear leaves, Caryophylaceae or Pink family

Category : field notes

May 4, 2002

Potts & Robinson woods behind Shepherd College
Notes from Don Owen

Genus / species Common name Family

1. veronica serphyllifolia thyme-leaf speedwell scrophulariaceae

2. geranium maculatum wild geranium geraniaceae

3. craetagus sp. hawthorne (red haw)

4. viburnum prunifolium black haw

5. viola striata striped violet violaceae

6. glechoma heteraceae ground ivy labiatae

7. ranunculus acris buttercup ranunculaceae

8. ranunculus abortivus small-flowered buttercup ranunculaceae

9. chaerophyllum procumbens spreading chervil umbelliferae

10. lonicera tartaria tartarian honeysuckle

11. galium aparine cleavers or bedstraw rubiaceae

12. corydalis flavula pale yellow corydalis fumariaceae

13. ornithagulum umbelliferae star of Bethlehem liliaceae

14. podophyllum peltatum mayapple berberidaceae

15. botrychium virginianum Virginina rattlesnake fern ophioglossaceae

16. asimina triloba paw paw

17. hydrophyllum virginiana Virginia waterleaf hydrophyllaceae

18. caulophyllum thalictroides blue cohosh berberidaceae

19. arisaema trifolia jack-in-the-pulpit araceae

20. hydrastis lutea goldenseal ranunculaceae

21. polygonatum biflorum solomon’s seal liliaceae

22. phlox stolonifera creeping phlox polemoniaceae

23. smilacena racemosa false Solomon’s seal liliaceae

24. phlox divericata swett William’s phlox polemoniaceae

25. trillium sessile toadshade trillum liliaceae

26. stellaria meadia star chickweed caryophyllaceae

27. asarum canadensis wild ginger aristolochiaceae

28. sanguinarea canadensis bloodroot papayeraceae

29. dentaria lacinata cutleaf toothwort cruciferae

30. viola pennsylvanica smooth yellow violet violaceae

31. delphinium tricorne larkspur ranunculaceae

32. anemonella thalictroides rue anemone ranunculaceae

33. rhodotypos kerrioides jetbead

34. menispermum canadensis moonseed vine

35. oxallis stricta wood sorrel oxiladaceae

36. lepidium campestrum field cress crucifierae

37. rubus flagellaria dewberry rubiaceae

38. duchesnia indica Indian strawberry rosaceae

39. esplenium platinorum ebony spleenwort polypodiaceae

40. dioscorea villosa wild yam dioscoreaceae

41. polygonum persicaria lady’s thumb smartweed polygonaceae

42. aplectrum hyemale Adam and Eve orchid orchidaceae

43. nyssa sylvatica black gum

44. trifolium repens white clover leguminosae

45. barbarus vulgaris yellow rocket mustard crucifera

Category : field notes