eastern panhandle native plant society


Cranberry Glades, June 30, 2001
Notes from Sally Anderson

West of Cranberry Glades along Route 39/55, in wet ditches – large purple
fringed orchid Habenaria fimbriata.

In woods beside the parking area at the Cranberry Glades Nature Center
-round leaved orchid Habenaria orbiculata in bloom, and ragged fringed
orchid H. lacera in bud.

Across 39/55 from the entrance to Cranberry Glades Botanical Area –
Violet wood sorrel Oxalis violacea in bloom
Partridge berry Mitchella repens in bloom
Ferns, Intermediate shield fern Dryopteris intermedia and probably an
White monkshood Aconitum reclinatum in bloom
Plantain leaved sedge Carex plantaginea
Indian cucumber root Medeola virginiana
Rattlesnake plantain Goodyeara pubescens

On the Cranberry Glades Boardwalk –
Open bogs:
Snakemouth, beard-flower or rose pogonia Pogonia ophioglossoides in bloom
Grass pink Calopogon pulchellus in bloom
Pitcher plant Sarracenia purpurea in bloom
Small cranberry Vaccinium oxycoccos in bloom
Purple chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa
Bog rosemary Andromeda glaucophylla
Carex rostrata in bloom
Carex incomperta in bloom
Cotton grass Eriophorum virginicum
Swamp candle Lysimachia terrestris in bloom
Sundew Drosera rotundifolia
Wooded areas:
Speckled alder Alnus rugosa
Elderberry Sambucus sp.
Yellow birch Betula lutea
Hemlock Tsuga canadensis
Maple Acer sp.
Mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia in bloom
Allegheny menziesia Menziesia pilosa
Long stalked holly Ilex collina
Bartram’s serviceberry Amelanchier bartraminia
Wild raisin Viburnum cassinoides
Meehania Meehania cordata in bloom
Carex scabrata in bloom
Carex crinita (or C. histricina) in bloom
Mannagrass Glyceria melicaria
Fowl mannagrass Glyceria striata
Marsh marigold Caltha palustris
Tall meadow rue Thalictrum polygamun in bloom
Yellow clintonia Clintonia borealis
Cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea
Sensitive fern Onoclea sensibilis
Skunk cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus
Jewelweed or Touch-me-not Impatiens sp.
False hellebore Veratrum viride
Cowbane Oxypolis rigidor
Painted trillium Trillium undulatum
Blue monkshood Aconitum ucinatum
Jacob’s ladder Polemonium van-bruntiae in bloom

Water, water everywhere..Plants in the open glades have some things in
common with plants of dry areas, such as small, thick or slightly curled
leaves and much of the bog does not support larger shrubs or trees.
Although the ground is very wet, the high acidity of the water makes it
difficult for plants to use, so for many species it is as if there was
little water.

Most of the skunk cabbage plants we saw had damaged by black bears, who eat
the heart of the plant when they come out of hibernation in the spring. It
has been hypothesized that the plant acts as a purgative and after all that
time, maybe they need it.

Along the Scenic Highway, Route 150 –
A stop at Mile Post 8
Canada lily Lilium canadense
Rattlesnake fern Botytrichum virginianum
Avens Geum sp.
Carrion flower Smilax herbacea
Wild yam Dioscorea villosa
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis
At Cranberry Glades Overlook (a good overview of the bog from a high point):
Millet grass Milium effusum
5-leaved jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum
Mountain wood fern (found above 3500′ elevation) Dryopteris campyloptera
Rosy twisted stalk Streptopus roseum
Hobble bush Viburnum alnifolium
Southern mountain cranberry (found under spruces) Vaccinium erythrocarpa in
Common polypody fern Polypodium virginianum
At Big Spruce Overlook:
This area was severely burned in the 1940s, and Frazier fir Abies fraseri, a
southern species, was brought in as part of the reforestation, as was some
of the soil used to plant the trees.
Red spruce Picea rubens
Mountain ash Sorbus americana
Great laurel Rhododendron maximum
Mountain holly Ilex montana
Ground pine Lycopodium spp.
Hay scented fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula
At a pullout at the North-South Trail (a somewhat dry and sunny roadside
area, and a spruce woods):
White bedstraw Galium mollugo, an alien that is becoming a problem
Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta
Wild strawberry Fragraria virginiana
King devil hawkweed Hieracium pratense (non-native)
Mouse eared hawkweed Hieracium pilosella (non-native)
Red spruce Picea rubens A circa 80 year old grove of not real big trees –
many of the small ones are already old, but they are just staying put and
waiting for their chance at the light. Underneath were large patches of
yellow clintonia Clintonia borealis and violet wood sorrel Oxalis violacea.
About 1.5 miles past Williams River crossing (a wide, sunny road cut kept
very moist by seeps from the rock cliffs created by the highway
A large area of Scouring rush Equisetum hyemale
Loesell’s twayblade Liparis loeselii
Blue eyed grass Sysrinchium angustifolium
Wild parsnip Pastinaca sativa (non-native)
Selfheal Prunella vulgaris (non-native)
Tall buttercup Ranunculus acris
Upright cinquefoil Potentilla recta (non-native)
Purple stemmed aster Aster punicus
Crown vetch Coronilla varia (thank you highway department!)
One last overlook (I forgot the name, so lets just call it the Cow Parsnip
Cow parsnip Heracleum maximum
Canada thistle Circium arvense (from Europe despite its name)
Hawthorn Cretagus sp.
Long leaved stitchwort? Stellaria longifolia?
Hairy wood mint Blephilla hirsuta
Smooth brome Bromus inermis
Oat grass Arrhenatherum elatius?
At a turnoff on Williams River Road (the one closer to the Nature Center):
Our youngest participant caught a polyphemus moth
White monkshood Aconitum reclinatum in bloom
Pipevine Aristolochia macrophylla in bloom and with caterpillars of the
Pipevine Swallowtail
Wild hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens

Falls of Hills Creek, July 1, 2001
Red maple Acer rubrum
Striped maple Acer pensylvanicum
Pin or fire cherry Prunus pensylvanica
Birch Betula sp.
New York fern Thelypteris noveboracensis
Hay scented fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Intermediate wood fern Dryopteris intermedia
Christmas fern Polystichum acrostichoides
Plantain leaved sedge Carex plantaginea
Violet wood sorrel Oxalis violacea in bloom
Hobble bush Viburnum alnifolium
5-leaved jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum
Red elderberry Sambucus pubens in fruit
Great laurel Rhododendron maximum with a round, white fungus on some leaves,
in bloom
Hemlock Tsuga canadensis
Waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense in bloom, also possibly H. macrophyllum
Virginia waterleaf H. virginianum
Lettuce leaf saxifrage Saxifraga micranthidifolia
Pipevine Aristolochia macrophylla
Bugbane Cimicifuga racemosa
Nettle–Wood nettle? Laportea candensis?
Witch hazel Hammamelis virginiana
Flowering raspberry Rubus ordoratus
Wild ginger Asarum canadense
Sweet cicely Osmorhiza sp.
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum
Trillium sp.
Canada violet Viola canadensis
Miterwort Mitella diphylla
Solomon’s seal Polygonatum biflorum
Wild lily of the valley Maianthemum canadense
Tall meadow rue Thalictrum polygamun in bloom
Frazier magnolia Magnolia fraseri
Large purple fringed orchid Habenaria fimbriata having an extended visit by
a swallowtail
Mustard, small white flowered with 1-1.5 cm siliques on rocks along stream
Lily family plants, either Streptopus or Diosporum
Foamflower? Tiarella cordifolia?

Category : field notes

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